What if someone was in a sewing apprenticeship and focusing on costume design?
Two skills to develop: costume design and sewing because the young person wants to design, but the apprentice would have to be a highly skilled at sewing in order to create satisfactory prototypes.
So in terms of Deliberate Practice (DP), you would probably need some kind of objective reference point for each skill. These benchmarks would possibly rate the ability of a beginner, novice, and expert. The rating would be based on the objective skill of an expert’s performance.
So then you would be measuring the skill level in sewing and costume design based on expert performance. The measurements would be taken from actual performance of the task or on the finished product.
What you would need would be some way to objectively test your abilities against that of an expert (the expert’s work would be what you compare your work to–but how?). And then identify your weaknesses and then spend all your time challenging yourself in solitary work to overcome those weaknesses (I think the apprentice’s mentor would have to be the one pointing out weaknesses that need improvement).
One would use the teachings of an expert coach. That expert MUST have intimate knowledge with the most effective ways to increase skill. For example, a chess teacher would be intimately familiar with all the training exercises to get better at different aspects of chess. Same goes for any sport and musical instrument. Same goes for any technical skill. The expert coach must utilize this domain knowledge to DESIGN the most effective and most efficient training program to get better at that skill (but the most effective training programs have already been designed in music lessons, sports, weight lifting, so what about achieving expert performance in fashion design?). That design would differ from field to field. But the principles of DP would all be in effect. I need to know more details about how to do DP.
I need to know how you identify expert performance in a given skill. Is it something a layperson can identify?
Can a layperson codify the factors of expert performance (say, in fashion design)?
I need to know how you can measure progress towards expert performance. Is it something a layperson can do?
I need to know how to design the optimal training experience for acquiring expert performance in a given skill. While this probably isn’t possible, what I can do is create a system or structure for mentors to utilize. With that template, the mentors can design the optimal training experience for their apprentices in a community of practice.
What is the Expert Performance Approach?
What can I find on google under deliberate practice in fashion design? Nill.
What can I find on google under deliberate practice in sewing? Zippo.
“Measurable performance in representative activities that capture expertise in the associated domain”
“factors that promote the acquisition and development of superior professional performance”
“expert performance approach (Ericssion & Lehmann, 1996; Ericsson & Smith, 1991)” This is the approach to measuring expert performance as developed by Ericsson. “This approach focuses on objectively measurable superior performance on representative tasks that capture expertise in the domain.”
For skills like sewing or fashion design, I imagine one could design an apprenticeship (a training program) to “promote the acquisition and development of superior professional performance.” The question is, how?
I’m curious about other fields such as Design Thinking. Say, for example, a young person wanted to have an apprenticeship at Unboundary with Bo Adams in applying Design Thinking to Education. In this scenario, is it possible to design a training program that would detail “Measurable performance in representative activities that capture expertise in the associated domain?” Are there some fields of activity that defy measuring expert performance?
–all quotes taken from Development of Professional Expertise, Ed. by K. Anders Ericsson